C23-EPU-50-03, 26 January 2023
The paper offers a summary of where energy regulators’ priorities and focus were in the second half of 2022 and points to key trends that emerged during that period. The aim is to provide an overview of our work but also to encourage readers to look into some of our recent reports more closely.

C22-IRB-61-03, 19 January 2023
This document presents the 2022 edition of the CEER report on regulatory frameworks for European energy networks.
This report provides a general overview of the regulatory regimes applied in 2022 and the required efficiency developments. It also analyses the overall determination of capital costs of CEER members plus Northern Ireland and five Energy Community Regulatory Board (ECRB) members, four of which are also CEER observers. A major focus is placed on the calculation of an adequate rate of return (RoR), the determination of the regulatory asset base (RAB) and the depreciation of assets in the different regulatory regimes. Other important individual parameters and new incentive mechanisms presented in this study should be interpreted in the context of a whole country-specific regulatory regime. Some contents only reflect an ex ante approach for 2022, while ex post calculations are yet to be performed.
This report also serves as a background paper to CEER work on incentives, both in a quantitative as well as in a qualitative way.

The related documents accompanying the report are:
Annex 4 - Collected & filled out tables
Annex 5 - Case studies of single regulatory regimes
Annex 6 - General case study
Citizens' Q&A