Publications

Policy Paper

ACER-CEER Guidance Paper on Electricity Transmission and Distribution “Smart-Grid” Performance Indicators

Expanding the capacity of the European electricity system requires not only securing investments but also enhancing the efficiency of infrastructure by deploying smart solutions, which can be faster a...
Policy Paper

ACER-CEER Paper on Anticipatory Investments

Requested by the European Commission as a follow up of the 9th Energy Infrastructure Forum (June 2023), this paper analyses the main barriers to anticipatory investments and provides a set of recommen...
Report

Status review TSO/DSO unbundling – Update on implementation of TSO and DSO Unbundling Provisions & “Hydrogen and Decarbonised Gas Markets Package” Outlook

This Status Review assesses the status of DSO and TSO unbundling, highlighting new developments since summer 2018 regarding the implementation of the rules introduced by the Clean Energy Package and g...
Report

Report on Regulatory Frameworks for European Energy Networks 2023

This report provides a general overview of the regulatory regimes applied in 2023 and the required efficiency developments. It analyses the overall determination of capital costs of CEER Members plus...
Report

What Regulators Stood for in the Second Half of 2023

The paper offers a snapshot of energy regulators’ priorities and focus during the second half of 2023. It points to key trends that emerged during that period. The aim is to provide an overview of o...
Report

CEER Report on Electric Vehicles: Network Management and Consumer Protection

This report presents an overview of the development of electric mobility and the main issues for national regulatory authorities regarding the deployment of recharging infrastructure, integration of e...
Report

Guide for Communication Specialists of National Authorities and Journalists in the Energy Sector

The given document has been designed for the communication and PR specialists of the national energy regulatory authorities (NRA) of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) Countries, as well as journalists. Th...
Report

What Regulators Stood for in the First Half of 2023

The paper offers a summary of where energy regulators’ priorities and focus were in the first half of 2023 and points to key trends that emerged during that period. The aim is to provide an overview...
Report

What Regulators Stood for in the Second Half of 2023

The paper offers a summary of where energy regulators’ priorities and focus were in the second half of 2022 and points to key trends that emerged during that period. The aim is to provide an overvie...
Report

Report on Regulatory Frameworks for European Energy Networks 2022

This document presents the 2022 edition of the CEER report on regulatory frameworks for European energy networks. This report provides a general overview of the regulatory regimes applied in 2022 and...
Report

Guide for Investing in Renewable Energy in Eastern Partnership Countries

The guide provides detailed information, statistical data and practical steps to help investors understand the renewable energy potential of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Republic of Moldova and Ukrai...
Report

7th CEER-ECRB Benchmarking Report on the Quality of Electricity and Gas Supply

This flagship report provides in-depth surveys and analyses of the quality of electricity and gas supply across Europe with associated recommendations for good regulatory practices to maintain a good...
Report

What Regulators Stood for in the First Half of 2022

This paper reviews the work CEER delivered in the first half of 2022 on topics ranging from customers and retail energy markets to gas and gas decarbonisation, as well as on cross-sectoral issues. CEE...
Report

CEER report “Dynamic NRAs to Boost Innovation”

This document presents the state of play of Dynamic Regulation from NRAs’ perspective. It highlights the understanding, main developments and approaches of Dynamic Regulation in the energy sector. T...
Report

CEER Paper on Regulatory Sandboxes in Incentive Regulation

This paper seeks to provide clarity and a framework for the different tools (including sandboxes) that energy national regulatory authorities NRAs can use to facilitate innovation in the context of in...
Report

CEER Analysis of the COVID-19 Pandemic’s Effects on the Energy Sector – Second Report

With this report, CEER continues its analysis of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the energy sector. The report is based on the replies of 24 regulatory authorities and covers a period ranging...
Report

CEER Report on Regulatory Frameworks for European Energy Networks 2021

The Report on Regulatory Frameworks for European Energy Networks 2021 analyses different regulatory systems of electricity and gas networks (at the TSO and DSO level) in most EU Member States, Great B...
Report

What Regulators Stood for in the Second Half of 2021

This paper reviews CEER’s work in the second half of 2021 and brings out main messages....
Report

CEER 2nd Paper on Unsupported RES

This document presents an updated assessment of the status quo of formally supported RES installation in Europe. A first CEER paper (C19-RES-64-04a) on the topic was published in May 2020. This pap...
Report

CEER Report on Innovative Business Models and Consumer Protection Challenges

This document presents CEER’s assessment of innovative business models and their impact on regulatory frameworks as well as their implications for consumer protection. The report provides key takeaw...