22 December 2022
This flagship report provides in-depth surveys and analyses of the quality of electricity and gas supply across Europe with associated recommendations for good regulatory practices to maintain a good level of continuity of supply, voltage quality, and commercial quality for customers across Europe. The report, for the first time jointly written by CEER and the Energy Community Regulatory Board (ECRB), compiles data from respondents from CEER Members and Observers and Energy Community Contracting Parties, covering a total of 39 countries. Since 2001, the Council of European Energy regulators (CEER) has produced six Benchmarking Reports on the quality of supply of electricity and, since 2016, of gas as well.

26 October 2022
The guide provides detailed information, statistical data and practical steps to help investors understand the renewable energy potential of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Republic of Moldova and Ukraine.

C22-EPU-47-05, 14 July 2022
This paper reviews the work CEER delivered in the first half of 2022 on topics ranging from customers and retail energy markets to gas and gas decarbonisation, as well as on cross-sectoral issues. CEER also responded to six public consultations from the European Commission. The report highlights the main messages that were published during this period of time, offering readers a snapshot of energy regulators’ priorities.

C22-RBM-37-04 31 May 2022
This document presents the state of play of Dynamic Regulation from NRAs’ perspective. It highlights the understanding, main developments and approaches of Dynamic Regulation in the energy sector. The document seeks to support discussions on CEER’s strategy. The aim of this deliverable is to provide a state of play in terms of “if” and “how” NRAs deal with Dynamic Regulation in a transversal perspective.

C21-DS-74-04, 25 May 2022
This paper seeks to provide clarity and a framework for the different tools (including sandboxes) that energy national regulatory authorities NRAs can use to facilitate innovation in the context of incentive regulation for grid operators. This paper also examines the use of “derogations” provided by NRAs as these are a closely related concept to regulatory sandboxes, with similar purposes.

C21-COV-09-03, 8 February 2022
With this report, CEER continues its analysis of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the energy sector. The report is based on the replies of 24 regulatory authorities and covers a period ranging from January 2020 to June 2021. The report also addresses the specific impact of the pandemic on consumers, energy suppliers, network operators, as well as the measures taken to support them.
More info...Citizens Q&A

C21-IRB-61-03, 31 January 2022
The Report on Regulatory Frameworks for European Energy Networks 2021 analyses different regulatory systems of electricity and gas networks (at the TSO and DSO level) in most EU Member States, Great Britain, Northern Ireland, Iceland and Norway. Moreover, this year, the report includes information on eight Energy Community Regulatory Board (ECRB) countries, all but one also being CEER Observers.
The report provides a general overview of the regulatory practices in place by focusing on e.g. the calculation of a rate of return, the determination of the regulatory asset base (RAB) and the depreciation of assets in the different regulatory systems.

The related documents accompanying the report are:
Annex 4 - Collected & filled out tables
Annex 5 - In-depth collection of case studies of eleven countries (Austria, Finland, Germany, Greece, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain and Sweden)
Citizens' Q&A

C22-EPU-45-11, 28 Jan 2022
This paper reviews CEER’s work in the second half of 2021 and brings out main messages.