The Council of European Energy Regulators (CEER) was established in 2000 for the cooperation of the independent energy regulators of Europe. It seeks to facilitate the creation of a single, competitive, efficient and sustainable EU internal energy market.
CEER's work complements (and does not overlap) the work of the Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER). ACER, which has its seat in Ljubljana, is an EU Agency. CEER is a Belgian not-for-profit association. They share similar objectives. ACER’s focus is on what is required in the legislation and CEER does everything else in energy regulation. CEER's motto is fostering energy markets, empowering customers. CEER's work includes international cooperation, smart grids, sustainability, Demand Side Operators and customer issues.
The forerunner to ACER was the European Regulators Group for Electricity and Gas (ERGEG), a formal advisory group to the European Commisson and created by the Commission in 2003 (Decision 2003/796/EC). With ACER fully operational (since March 2011), ERGEG was dissolved (Commission Decision of 16 May 2011 repealing Decision 2003/796/EC) with effect from 1 July 2011. All past works relating to ERGEG activity (documents, reports, public consultations etc.) can be found on this website of the European Energy Regulators.
The overall aim of the Council of European Energy Regulators (CEER) is to facilitate the creation of a single, competitive, efficient and sustainable internal market for gas and electricity in Europe. The CEER acts as a platform for cooperation, information exchange and assistance between Europe's national energy regulators and is their interface at EU and international level. On EU issues, CEER works very closely with (and supports) the Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER), an EU Agency formed for the cooperation of energy regulators.
CEER also strives to share regulatory best practice worldwide through its membership in the International Confederation of Energy Regulators (ICER) which brings together similar associations from across the globe including NARUC (America), ERRA (Central/Eastern Europe) and MEDREG (the Mediterranean region).
In March 2000, ten national energy regulatory authorities signed the "Memorandum of Understanding for the establishment of the Council of European Energy Regulators". They had voluntarily formed CEER to facilitate cooperation in their common interests for the promotion of the internal electricity and gas market. In order to cope with a growing number of issues and to improve cooperation at the operational level, the regulators decided in 2003 to formally establish themselves as a not-for-profit association under Belgian law and to set up a small secretariat in Brussels. The Statutes (English version, Statutes amendment) were published in the annex of the Belgian State Gazette on 21 October 2003. CEER now has 29 members - the energy regulators from 27 EU-Member States (excluding Slovakia) plus Iceland and Norway - as well as 6 observers - the energy regulators from Switzerland, Montenegro, Kosovo, Republic of Macedonia, Moldova and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
ACER is the “Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators”. It is a Community body with legal personality. ACER became fully operational on 3 March 2011. Its seat is in Ljubljana, Slovenia.
ACER plays a key role in the integration of the EU’s markets in electricity and natural gas, providing a framework at EU level for national regulators to cooperate and providing clarity and regulatory certainty.
The precursor to ACER was the European Regulators Group for Electricity and Gas (ERGEG), which was set up by a European Commission decision in November 2003 (Decision of November 11 2003, 2003/796/EC). With ACER fully operational (since March 2011), ERGEG was dissolved by the Commission, with effect from 1 July 2011 ( Decision of 16 May 2011, repealing Decision 2003/796/EC). Some of ERGEG's works passes to ACER (e.g. the Regional Initiatives) and some (e.g. customer issue) to CEER. CEER will continue to exist, in Brussels, as a platform for Europe’s energy regulators to develop common interests that are of pan-European or even wider significance (e.g. smart grids and sustainability issues) and which are complementary (but not overlapping) to ACER's work.
The Third Legislative Package for the Liberalisation of the Energy Market establishes an Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER). The Regulation establishing ACER ( (EC) No 713/2009) is part of a set of five legislative acts adopted in summer 2009 aimed at improving the functioning of Europe's electricity and gas markets.
ACER complements and coordinates the work of the NRAs, at EU level. Its competences include preparing Framework Guidelines which will form the basis of EU-wide network codes (drafted by the European Network bodies); taking binding individual decisions on terms and conditions for access and operational security for cross border infrastructure if NRAs cannot agree; giving advice on various energy-related issues to the European institutions; and monitoring and reporting to the European Parliament and the Council.
ACER is made up of a) a Board of Regulators comprising a senior representative and one alternate of the EU Member States' 28 national regulatory authorities (NRAs) and one non-voting Commission representative; b) an Administrative Board comprising 9 members and one alternate for each, of which 2 members (and their alternates) are appointed by the European Commission, 2 (and their alternates) by the European Parliament and 5 (and their alternates) by the Council; c) a Director; and d) a Board of Appeal.
On 4-5 May 2010, ACER's Board of Regulators held its inaugural meeting (see Press Release). Lord Mogg was elected its first Chair and Walter Boltz its vice-Chair. ACER's Director is Alberto Pototschnig.
More info at www.acer.europa.eu